Learning is most effective when students can identify a real purpose for the activity. In civics and citizenship education, community action is one of the most effective ways to learn about rights and responsibilities and the mechanics of local decision making. Although students might be involved in community action within their own schools - for example, through student representative councils - the learning becomes closer to reality when students work together within a wider local area. This type of community action requires teachers to network to identify how students might work together and to determine the types of local government resources that can support this collaborative approach to learning. The Redland Shire case study provides examples of teachers networking to develop effective civics and citizenships programs.