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Types of one teacher schools

There were two types of one teacher schools in Queensland:

  • state schools
  • provisional schools.

One teacher state schools characteristics:

  • funded entirely by the State
  • staffed by a teacher with more education/training than those appointed to provisional schools
  • originally had to maintain an average attendance of at least 30 pupils
  • provided with a State school building for a permanent daily attendance of not less than 12 children (Education Regulations 1909)
  • built on land owned entirely by the Department of Public Instruction (Education Regulations 1876)
  • usually one room, with a veranda in front, sealed and lined
  • pre-1920 the building was set on low stumps with a separate play shed
  • originally built with a shingle roof but this was replaced by galvanized iron in 1890s (resulting in improved drinking water).

Provisional schools characteristics:

  • always one teacher schools
  • established by the Minister for Education for the temporary provision of primary instruction to children
  • not state schools
  • average attendance of between 12 and 30 pupils or face possible closure
  • buildings provided by locals at their expense
  • built either on private land, Crown land or land vested in the Minister for Education
  • also conducted in tents, bush or railway huts, rooms or verandas of private homes, deserted hotels and farm sheds
  • school committees responsible for maintenance of the school.

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Last reviewed
10 January 2013
Last updated
10 January 2013