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Education Adjustment Program (EAP) > Verification >

Hearing Impairment (HI)

Definition

Hearing loss is measured as the increase in decibels (dB) of a person's hearing thresholds (the softest sounds which can be detected) relative to normal hearing levels (0 - 20 dB). Thresholds are tested across the frequencies of speech. Hearing loss is described as:

Hearing loss is also described according to the site of damage to the auditory system:

Departmental Criteria

Verification for the EAP category of Hearing Impairment is based on two criteria.

Criterion 1: Evidence of a hearing loss greater than 20 dB HL at any one frequency.

Criterion 2: The hearing loss must be shown to manifest itself in activity limitation and participation restriction in the school context.

Evidence

Criterion 1: Evidence of a hearing loss greater than 20 dB HL at any one frequency.

1a. Evidence of impairment must consist of an audiogram and written report provided by an audiologist or otolaryngologist.

1b. For a diagnosis of impairment that is based on sensorineural, permanent conductive or mixed hearing loss, the most current audiogram and report will be accepted.

1c. For diagnosis of hearing impairment based on fluctuating conductive loss, an audiogram administered not more than 12 months prior to verification and the associated report must be provided. Additionally, a history of persistent hearing loss must be provided.

The department recognises a diagnosis of hearing impairment provided by an otolaryngologist or an audiologist. A hearing impairment exists when pure tone thresholds fall outside the normal range (thresholds of 0-20 dB HL) at any frequency. This is documented in the Audiologist/Otolaryngologist Report which accompanies EAP Verification Form - HI (EAP 4).

Criterion 2: The hearing loss must be shown to manifest itself in activity limitation and participation restriction in the school context.

Evidence includes:

The student's teacher completes the Criterion 2 section of the verification form with support from the school team and using the information about the hearing impairment from the hearing impairment specialist teacher, and from the student and/or parent, as appropriate. The hearing impairment specialist is a teacher with qualifications in the area of hearing impairment who supports the school team in understanding the student's hearing loss and its impact in the school context.

Prompts for HI Criterion 2 Microsoft® Word document have been developed to assist with the completion of the Criterion 2 section. The prompts are a guide and school teams need to individualise reporting of the impact of the hearing impairment, and other information relevant for a particular student.

Focus areas related to the EAP Profile are used as organisers in presenting the evidence for a significant disability (activity limitations and/or participation restrictions) related to the hearing impairment. It is not necessary to demonstrate impact of the hearing impairment in every area.

Review of Verification

At the time of verification the statewide verifier will determine:

This decision will be guided by the following factors:

All verification review dates will be recorded on AIMS by the statewide verifier. Review of verification may be required for:

For students with temporary or fluctuating hearing loss review of Criteria 1 and 2 will be requested. For students with a permanent hearing loss, review of Criterion 2 only may be required to review activity limitations and participation restrictions for the student at school.

For a review of verification, the school follows the same steps as for an initial verification. It is important for schools to check whether both Criterion 1 and Criterion 2 need to be reviewed or only Criterion 2.

Removal from the EAP Category of Hearing Impairment

In some instances a student's hearing thresholds and/or the educational impact of a hearing loss may no longer meet the criteria for the EAP category of Hearing Impairment. To end a student's active verification record for the category, evidence that the student no longer meets criteria must be collected and recorded using the EAP Verification Form - HI (EAP 4) with supporting documentation, proposing the removal.

Supporting documentation includes:

Verification Form

Use EAP Verification Form - HI (EAP 4) Adobe PDF document816K- available on the EAP verification forms webpage.

Prompts for HI Criterion 2 Form have been developed to assist with the completion of the Criterion 2 section. The prompts are a guide and school teams need to individualise reporting of the impact of the hearing impairment and other relevant information for a particular student.

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This page was last reviewed on 23 Jan 2014 at 03:02PM

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