​​​Guideline review date: 28 October 2021

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​This guideline is provided to support schools in implementing the managing risks in school curriculum activities procedure.

The CARA planner must be used for the specific school context in conjunction with this guideline considering additional risks, hazards and controls and including environmental, facility, equipment and student considerations.​

For activities beyond the scope of ​this guideline, complete a CARA record using the CARA generic template.

Activity scope

This guideline relates to participation in golf as an activity to support curriculum delivery.

For activities conducted at a non-Department of Education venue, and/or when engaging external expertise, request written risk assessment advice and attach it to this CARA record.

For activities conducted off-site, schools must comply with the school excursions procedure.

For activities conducted as part of representative school sport programs, schools should consult with Queensland School Sport.

Medium risk
Golf activities involving regulation equipment​

Activity requirements

If any requirement cannot be met, the activity must not occur.

If any other safety recommendation cannot be met, modify the activity (or elements of it) and/or identify and use the hierarchy of controls to implement alternative control measures to meet or exceed the minimum safety standard.

Competition rules and procedures with additional or more stringent safety requirements must take precedence.​



Principals make final supervision decisions for the activity. Sufficient adult supervision must be provided to manage the activity safely (including emergency situations).

For activities with students with a medical condition or disability that may impact on safety during the activity, consultation with parents is required prior to allocating supervision to determine the impact of students’ medical condition or disability on safety during the activity.

The number of adult supervisors required to fulfil emergency and supervision roles must consider the nature of the activity, students' ages, abilities and specialised learning, access and/or health needs.

Before the activity, all adult supervisors must be familiar with the contents of the CARA record.

During the activity, all adult supervisors:

  • must be readily identifiable
  • must closely monitor students with health support needs
  • must comply with control measures from the CARA record and adapt as hazards arise
  • must suspend the activity if the conditions become unfavourable (e.g. extreme temperatures).

Supervisor qualifications

Principals make final decisions in determining supervisor capability (competence, relevance and currency) and are responsible for encouraging and enabling school-based activity supervisors to raise their qualifications to improve safety standards.

All adult supervisors must comply with the working with children authority—Blue Cards procedure and be able to identify, and respond to, risks or hazards that may emerge during the activity.

A registered teacher must be appointed to maintain overall responsibility for the activity.

For medium risk activities:

  • At least one adult supervisor is required to be a registered teacher with competence (knowledge and skills) in teaching golf or
  • An adult supervisor, working under the direct supervision of a registered teacher, with accreditation as a Community Instructor with Golf Australia or
  • An adult supervisor, working under the direct supervision of a registered teacher, with professional golf status or in the third year of a professional golf traineeship. 

Facilities and equipment

Location must be suitable for the activity being undertaken to ensure safe participation and that safety rules and procedures can be followed.

For matches and match practice, a recognised golfing course or driving range with defined safety procedures and protocols to suit the course

For hitting range skill development, this would be a clearly defined activity area that: 

  • is approximately 120m wide and 250m long
  • is clear from buildings, pedestrians and other activities
  • allows for 4m of clear space between hitters.

Equipment must be fit-for purpose, sized to match the ability and strength for students and used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 

Participants must wear Personal protective equipment appropriate to the activity.

 Common hazards and controls

Further to those listed, include any additional hazards and control measures considering the local context of the activity.

Environmental hazards Control measures

Biological hazards
Body fluids (e.g. blood, saliva, sweat)

Manage bodily substances (e.g. blood) and open wounds before, during and after the activity. Consult infection control guidelines and Queensland Health's exclusion periods for infectious conditions poster (PDF, 1.5MB) for hygienic practices and first aid.

Follow appropriate cleaning and hygiene management practices when using shared equipment (departmental staff search 'practical subjects cleaning equipment' in OnePortal).

Environmental conditions
Weather, Sun, Humidity

The school's sun safety strategy must be followed.

Assess weather (Bureau of Meteorology) and environmental conditions prior to participating outside.

Follow the managing excessive heat in schools guidelines when participating in very hot or extreme heat conditions.

Ensure drink breaks occur regularly. Make water available for individual participants between drink breaks.

Dry equipment (including clubs and balls) before each hit if conditions cause dampness.

Facilities and equipment hazards Control measures

Boundary clearance

Establish a safety zone around the hitting area. If this cannot be achieved, consider ways of reducing risks (e.g. removing spectators). 

Fast moving objects

Position left and right-handed participants to ensure maximum player visibility (e.g. left-handed participants on the left side of the practice line to avoid slice ball path).

Use rubber training balls on school-based courses.

Faculty or dangerous equipment

Check equipment for damage before and during the activity. Do not use clubs with smooth grips, loose heads or shaft irregularities 

Playing surface

Conduct a field check to identify and manage surface hazarsd (e.g. divots). 

Student considerations Control measures
Physical exertion

Conduct warm-up/cool-down activities.

Continually monitor participants for signs of fatigue and exhaustion. 

Sharp objects

Remove accessories (e.g. jewellery, lanyards) before participating.

Ensure fingernails and hair clothing (e.g. pockets) do not interfere with the activity.

Student Issues

Manage injuries according to established procedures. If in doubt, do not allow students to return to play after injury until medically cleared.

Implement safety protocols during play including:

  • safety signals (e.g. whistle commands to "start hitting", "cease hitting" and "retrieve balls")
  • safe hitting techniques (e.g. be aware of others on the course, hit toward a designated target area)
  • safe ball retrieval (e.g. retrieve all balls at the same time, leave clubs in hitting area during retrieval)
  • blind spots.


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Last updated 06 September 2023