Children may be born with intellectual disability or experience intellectual disability when they are older. Intellectual disability may occur due to conditions or disabilities such as: Down Syndrome, Fragile X syndrome (FXS), Prada Willi or Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
A person who has intellectual disability will often take more time or have difficulties learning new things, understanding concepts, solving problems or remembering things. Children with intellectual disability will also have difficulties with daily activities such as communication, social and practical skills and personal care.
Sometimes a person with intellectual disability may also experience other conditions or disabilities. Schools consider the supports required for all of the child’s needs. You can find out more about supports for