Schools must consider age, maturity and skill level of students when planning curriculum activities. Adjustments are required for
students with disability to support access and participation in the curriculum. Consult with the parents/carers of students with disability, or when appropriate the student, to ensure risks related to their child's participation in the activity are identified and managed.
Schools must consult current student medical information and/or health plans in accordance with the
managing students' health support needs at school procedure. Record information about any student condition (e.g. physical or medical) that may inhibit safe engagement in the activity and include specific support measures within emergency procedures.
Emergency plans and injury management procedures must be established for foreseeable incidents (e.g. catastrophic injury management).
Adult supervisors must have:
- emergency contact details of all participants
- a medical alert list and a process for administering student medication
- communication equipment suitable to conditions (e.g. mobile phone) and a process for obtaining external assistance and/or receiving emergency advice.
Safety procedures must be determined for the location (e.g. out-of-bounds areas, location of first aid support and equipment).
Access is required to
first aid equipment and consumables suitable for foreseeable incidents.
An adult with current emergency qualifications is required to be quickly accessible to the activity area. Emergency qualifications include:
HLTAID009 - provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or equivalent and
HLTAID011 - provide first aid or
SISSS00118 - sports Trainer Level 1 or equivalent.
An adult with concussion management knowledge or training is required. Consult
first aid – managing head injuries.
Induction is required for all adult supervisors on emergency procedures (e.g. catastrophic injury management), safety procedures (e.g. collecting thrown hammers) and correct techniques. If the activity is conducted at an off-site facility, induction is to be informed by advice provided in consultation with expertise at the venue.
Instruction is required for students on safety procedures and correct techniques (e.g. throwing techniques).
Principals make final supervision decisions for the activity. Sufficient adult supervision must be provided to manage the activity safely (including emergency situations).
For activities with students with a medical condition or disability that may impact on safety during the activity, consultation with parents is required prior to allocating supervision to determine the impact of students' medical condition or disability on safety during the activity.
The number of adult supervisors required to fulfil emergency and supervision roles must consider the nature of the activity, students' ages, abilities and specialised learning, access and/or health needs.
Before the activity, all adult supervisors:
- must be familiar with the contents of the CARA record
- must assess
weather conditions prior to undertaking the activity, inspecting the intended location in order to identify variable risks (e.g. wind), hazards and potential dangers.
During the activity, all adult supervisors:
- must be readily identifiable
- must closely monitor students with health support needs
- must closely supervise the cage, surrounds, throwing and landing areas at all times. Participants must not throw until these areas are clear
- monitor and enforce the correct approach, throw and retrieval safety procedures
- must allow only one thrower in the cage whenever throwing is in progress
- must comply with control measures from the CARA record and adapt as hazards arise
- must suspend the activity if the conditions become unfavourable (e.g. poor visibility, extreme temperatures, thunderstorms)
- must not allow return throwing.
Principals make final decisions in determining supervisor capability (competence, relevance and currency) and are responsible for encouraging and enabling school-based activity supervisors to raise their qualifications to improve safety standards.
All adult supervisors must comply with the
working with children authority - Blue Cards procedure and be able to identify, and respond to, risks or hazards that may emerge during the activity.
A registered teacher must be appointed to maintain overall responsibility for the activity.
At least one adult supervisor is required to be:
For standing throws:
- a registered teacher, or other adult supervisor working under the direct supervision of a registered teacher, with current
level 2 club coach accreditation from Athletics Australia and experience in coaching hammer throw.
For turning throws:
Facilities and equipment
The qualified adult supervisor of the activity, in consultation with the principal, determines the requirements for facilities and equipment appropriate to the local context.
Location must be suitable for the activity being undertaken, including sufficient space to ensure safe participation and that safety rules and procedures can be followed.
U-shaped hammer cage capable of stopping the hammer head moving at speed and provide protection from ricocheting or rebounding back towards the athlete or over the top of the cage must be used. Additional cage requirements for when activities occur simultaneously with other events are found at World Athletics - Manuals and Guidelines (see Competition and Technical Rules rule 192).
Clearly defined throwing sector that extends beyond the ability of the group must be used. Consult the
World Athletics - manuals and guidelines (see competition and technical rules rule 192) for specifications.
Throwing and landing areas must be defined using highly visible markers.
Lines must be marked in accordance with the
line marking sports fields fact sheet.
Participants must wear
personal protective equipment appropriate to the activity (e.g. appropriate footwear for the type of activity [i.e. training or competition], surface and age of participants).
Equipment must be sized to match the ability and strength of students.
Consider using a whistle for command signalling.
All equipment must be used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Common hazards and controls
Further to those listed, include any additional hazards and control measures considering the local context of the activity.
Body fluids (e.g. blood, saliva, sweat)
Manage bodily substances (e.g. blood) and open wounds before, during and after the activity. Consult
infection control guidelines and Queensland Health's
exclusion periods for infectious conditions poster for hygienic practices and first aid.
Follow appropriate cleaning and hygiene management practices when using shared equipment (Departmental staff search "cleaning advice for shared equipment in OnePortal).
sun safety strategy must be followed.
Dry equipment (including grips) before each throw if conditions cause dampness.
managing excessive heat in schools guidelines when participating in very hot or extreme heat conditions.
Ensure drink breaks occur regularly. Make water available for individual participants between drink breaks.
Mark an exclusion zone at least 4 metres from an approved throwing cage. Non-throwers are to be behind the cage outside the exclusion zone.
Instruct non-participants to remain behind the cage, well clear of the wire and outside the exclusion zone.
Fast moving objects
|Instruct participants to check the throwing and landing areas are clear before commencing preparation to throw.
Faulty or dangerous equipment
Check equipment for damage before and during the activity (e.g. the wire is secure at the handle and swivel end of the hammer head). Withdraw any damaged equipment from use.
Change wires regularly to avoid metal fatigue.
Consider the use of gloves when throwing.
Conduct a field check to identify and manage surface hazards. Clear the approach and throwing areas from loose items or debris. Do not participate on a slippery surface.
Perform turning throws on a firm surface only, preferably concrete.
Lifting and carrying equipment
Transport/carry hammers safely.
Drag, not carry, hammers to the throwing area.
manual handling processes when lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling or carrying.
Exhaustion and fatigue
Ensure activities are planned appropriate to age and skill level and are biomechanically sound.
Continually monitor participants for signs of fatigue and exhaustion.
Remove accessories (e.g. jewellery, lanyards) before participating.
Ensure fingernails and hair and clothing (e.g. pockets, loose shirts) do not interfere with the activity.
Implement procedures (e.g. roll marking mechanisms) to prevent separation from the group when participating off site.